Dharma Monk

The Dharma Monk blog is dedicated to sharing ideas & opinions about learning technologies, self development, people and anything in between.

Archive for the category “Social Media”

24 Charts Of Leadership Styles Around The World

Different cultures can have radically different leadership styles, and international organizations would do well to understand them.

British linguist Richard D. Lewis charted these differences in his book “When Cultures Collide,” first published in 1996 and now in its third edition, and he teaches these insights in seminars with major corporate clients.

From structured individualism in the U.S. to ringi-sho consensus in Japan, the charts seem intuitively correct, if not unilaterally true across a country.

Lewis acknowledges the risks of dealing in stereotypes: “Determining national characteristics is treading a minefield of inaccurate assessment and surprising exception. There is, however, such a thing as a national norm.”

He argues that these patterns won’t change any time soon: “Even in countries where political and economic change is currently rapid or sweeping, deeply rooted attitudes and beliefs will resist a sudden transformation of values when pressured by reformists, governments or multinational conglomerates.”

With permission from the author, we are posting 24 charts of leadership styles from his book, with a brief summary of his comments about each below:


Leadership Charts Layout_02


British managers are diplomatic, casual, helpful, willing to compromise, and seeking to be fair, though they can be ruthless when necessary. Unfortunately, their adherence to tradition can result in a failure to comprehend differing values in others.

American managers are assertive, aggressive, goal and action oriented, confident, vigorous, optimistic, and ready for change. They are capable of teamwork and corporate spirit, but they value individual freedom and their first interest is furthering their own career.

French managers tend to be autocratic and paternalistic, with an impressive grasp of the many issues facing their company. Opinions of experienced middle managers and technical staff may be dismissed.

Swedish management is decentralized and democratic. The rationale is that better informed employees are more motivated and perform better. The drawback is that decisions can be delayed.

Charts taken and text summarized from “When Cultures Collide” with permission from author Richard Lewis.

Source: Business Insider
Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/leadership-styles-around-the-world-2013-12#ixzz2xl3JIjID


IBM reveals its top five innovation predictions for the next five years

IBM reveals its top five innovation predictions for the next five years

IBM director of education transformation Chalapathy Neti.

IBM revealed its predictions for five big innovations that will change our lives within five years.

Bernie Meyerson, vice president of innovation at IBM.

Bernie Meyerson, the vice president of innovation at IBM.

The IBM “5 in 5″ is the eighth year in a row that IBM has made predictions about technology, and this year’s prognostications are sure to get people talking. We discussed them with Bernie Meyerson, the vice president of innovation at IBM, and he told us that the goal of the predictions is to better marshal the company’s resources in order to make them come true.

“We try to get a sense of where the world is going because that focuses where we put our efforts,” Meyerson said. “The harder part is nailing down what you want to focus on. Unless you stick your neck out and say this is where the world is going, it’s hard to you can turn around and say you will get there first. These are seminal shifts. We want to be there, enabling them.”

(See our complete interview with Meyerson here).

In a nutshell, IBM says:

  • The classroom will learn you.
  • Buying local will beat online.
  • Doctors will use your DNA to keep you well.
  • A digital guardian will protect you online.
  • The city will help you live in it.

Meyerson said that this year’s ideas are based on the fact that everything will learn. Machines will learn about us, reason, and engage in a much more natural and personalized way. IBM can already figure out your personality by deciphering 200 of your tweets, and its capability to read your wishes will only get better. The innovations are being enabled by cloud computing, big data analytics (the company recently formed its own customer-focused big data analytics lab), and adaptive learning technologies. IBM believes the technologies will be developed with the appropriate safeguards for privacy and security, but each of these predictions raises additional privacy and security issues.

As computers get smarter and more compact, they will be built into more devices that help us do things when we need them done. IBM believes that these breakthroughs in computing will amplify our human abilities. The company came up with the predictions by querying its 220,000 technical people in a bottoms-up fashion and tapping the leadership of its vast research labs in a top-down effort.

Here’s some more detailed description and analysis on the predictions.

In five years, the classroom will learn you.

In five years, the classroom will learn you to help tailor instruction to your individual needs.

The classroom will learn you

Globally, two out of three adults haven’t gotten the equivalent of a high school education. But IBM believes the classrooms of the future will give educators the tools to learn about every student, providing them with a tailored curriculum from kindergarten to high school.

“Your teacher spends time getting to know you every year,” Meyerson said. “What if they already knew everything about how you learn?”

In the next five years, IBM believes teachers will use “longitudinal data” such as test scores, attendance, and student behavior on electronic learning platforms — and not just the results of aptitude tests. Sophisticated analytics delivered over the cloud will help teachers make decisions about which students are at risk, their roadblocks, and the way to help them. IBM is working on a research project with the Gwinnett County Public Schools in Georgia, the 14th largest school district in the U.S. with 170,000 students. The goal is to increase the district’s graduation rate. And after a $10 billion investment in analytics, IBM believes it can harness big data to help students out.

“You’ll be able to pick up problems like dyslexia instantly,” Meyerson said. “If a child has extraordinary abilities, they can be recognized. With 30 kids in a class, a teacher cannot do it themselves. This doesn’t replace them. It allows them to be far more effective. Right now, the experience in a big box store doesn’t resemble this, but it will get there.”

In five years, buying local will beat online as you get online data at your fingertips in the store.

In five years, buying local will beat online as you get online data at your fingertips in the store.

Buying local will beat online

Online sales topped $1 trillion worldwide last year, and many physical retailers have gone out of business as they fail to compete on price with the likes of Amazon. But innovations for physical stores will make buying local turn out better. Retailers will use the immediacy of the store and proximity to customers to create experiences that online-only retail can’t replicate. The innovations will bring the power of the Web right to where the shopper can touch it. Retailers could rely on artificial intelligence akin to IBM’s Watson, which played Jeopardy better than many human competitors. The Web can make sales associates smarter, and augmented reality can deliver more information to the store shelves. With these technologies, stores will be able to anticipate what a shopper most wants and needs.

And they won’t have to wait two days for shipping.

“The store will ask if you would like to see a certain camera and have a salesperson meet you in a certain aisle where it is located,” Meyerson said. “The ability to do this painlessly, without the normal hassle of trying to find help, is very powerful.”

This technology will get so good that online retailers are likely to set up retail showrooms to help their own sales.

“It has been physical against online,” Meyerson said. “But in this case, it is combining them. What that enables you to do is that mom-and-pop stores can offer the same services as the big online retailers. The tech they have to serve you is as good as anything in online shopping. It is an interesting evolution but it is coming.”

In five years, doctors will routinely use your DNA to keep you well.


In five years, doctors will routinely use your DNA to keep you well.

Doctors will use your DNA to keep you well

Global cancer rates are expected to jump by 75 percent by 2030. IBM wants computers to help doctors understand how a tumor affects a patient down to their DNA. They could then figure out what medications will best work against the cancer, and fulfill it with a personalized cancer treatment plan. The hope is that genomic insights will reduce the time it takes to find a treatment down from weeks to minutes.

“The ability to correlate a person’s DNA against the results of treatment with a certain protocol could be a huge breakthrough,” Meyerson said. It’ll be able to scan your DNA and find out if any magic bullet treatments exist that will address your particular ailment.

IBM recently made a breakthrough with a nanomedicine that it can engineer to latch on to fungal cells in the body and attack them by piercing their cell membranes. The fungi won’t be able to adapt to these kinds of physical attacks easily. That sort of advance, where the attack is tailored against particular kinds of cells, will be more common in the future.

In five years, a digital guardian will protect you online.

In five years, a digital guardian will protect you online.

A digital guardian will protect you online

We have multiple passwords, identifications, and devices than ever before. But security across them is highly fragmented. In 2012, 12 million people were victims of identity fraud in the U.S. In five years, IBM envisions a digital guardian that will become trained to focus on the people and items it’s entrusted with. This smart guardian will sort through contextual, situational, and historical data to verify a person’s identity on different devices. The guardian can learn about a user and make an inference about behavior that is out of the norm and may be the result of someone stealing that person’s identity. With 360 degrees of data about someone, it will be much harder to steal an identity.

“In this case, you don’t look for the signature of an attack,” Meyerson said. “It looks at your behavior with a device and spots something anomalous. It screams when there is something out of the norm.”

In five years, the city will help you live in it.

In five years, the city will help you live in it.

The city will help you live in it

IBM says that, by 2030, the towns and cities of the developing world will make up 80 percent of urban humanity and by 2050, seven out of every 10 people will be a city dweller. To deal with that growth, the only way cities can manage is to have automation, where smarter cities can understand in real-time how billions of events occur as computers learn to understand what people need, what they like, what they do, and how they move from place to place.

IBM predicts that cities will digest information freely provided by citizens to place resources where they are needed. Mobile devices and social engagement will help citizens strike up a conversation with their city leaders. Such a concept is already in motion in Brazil, where IBM researchers are working with a crowdsourcing tool that people can use to report accessibility problems, via their mobile phones, to help those with disabilities better navigate urban streets.

Of course, as in the upcoming video game Watch Dogs from Ubisoft, a bad guy could hack into the city and use its monitoring systems in nefarious ways. But Meyerson said, “I’d rather have the city linked. Then I can protect it. You have an agent that looks over the city. If some wise guy wants to make the sewage pumps run backwards, the system will shut that down.”

The advantage of the ultraconnected city is that feedback is instantaneous and the city government can be much more responsive.

Source: http://venturebeat.com

50 Things Replaced by Modern Technology

As modern technology evolves and pushes out the old, it’s fascinating to look back at what’s been replaced in the past few years thanks to tech advancements. The folks at Mozy have put together an entertaining infographic that highlights just how far we’ve come over the years and what items got the boot along the way.

Source: Mashable

50 Things Replaced by Modern Technology

50 Things Replaced by Modern Technology

An Exhaustive Study of Twitter Users Across the World


Our Social Media Monitoring platform mines through millions of conversations every day for our customers. Out of these millions of conversations, quite a few happen to come from Twitter. We realized that we could do a large-scale in-depth study of Twitter users to better understand what is the average profile of a person using Twitter and hence this mammoth study on 36 million Twitter user profiles. Our core competency lies in analytics and by using our own software, we were able to crunch numbers and generate insights which we believe hasn’t been conducted to such large scale till date.

With Twitter experiencing such explosive growth in last few years, our team decided to conduct a more comprehensive study by significantly increasing the sample size. This report focus on the Twitter users, and hence, every minute detail was analyzed and worked upon to generate statistics ranging from bio, tweets, account types, categories to even the background color preference of Twitter users! This report will surely be of great use to those looking for in-depth analytics on Twitter users.

On average, a million active users have tweeted at least a billion times over the last 3 years Tweet This →

25% of Twitter users have never tweeted Tweet This

If you do find this report fascinating and decide to discuss this on twitter, please use our hashtag #Beevolve_Stats . We will be coming out with more reports in the future, so do remember to check this space out regularly.

User Demographics

Before we dive into the specifics, let’s look at the general demographic profiles of Twitter users.

Gender distribution on Twitter

Gender information is not readily available on a Twitter user profile. Our gender classifier determine gender based on looking at Twitter user names, profile pics and other parameters. We were able to determine gender for ~66% of the 36 million Twitter users analyzed in this study. As is obvious from the chart below, the gender divide on Twitter is a little inclined toward females, with number of female users outnumbering the male Twitter users by 6%.
Gender distribution of tweeter users

Age distribution of Twitter users

Our algorithms determine age-group based on publicly disclosed information in the bio and tweets. Since a lot of teenagers are comfortable disclosing their age on social networks compared to their older peers – the data here is skewed towards the younger demographic. Here is a break up of twitter users according to the age-group. A whopping 74% fall between 15 to 25 years of age. Twitter has a young audience with only 6% falling in the 46+ age category.
Age distribution of tweeter users

Only 0.45% of Twitter users disclose their age Tweet This →

Global Heatmap of Twitter users

In terms of geographic distribution of Twitter user base, US takes the lead with the highest number of Twitter users, followed by United Kingdom.
Global heatmap of twitter users

5 out of 10 twitter users are from USA Tweet This →

Top 10 countries with the highest number of twitter users

United States 50.99
United Kingdom 17.09
Australia 4.09
Brazil 3.44
Canada 2.92
India 2.87
France 1.76
Indonesia 1.43
Iran 0.88
Ireland 0.85

Followers & Following

Follower stats for Twitter users

Majority of the twitter users have less than 50 followers and only a minuscule percentage have followers more than 100,000.
Follower count distribution for tweeter users

A twitter user on average has 208 followers Tweet This →

6 out of 100 twitter users have no followers Tweet This →

Number of Twitter users followed

The same is true for number of following as well. Majority of Twitter users are following less than 50 people. There seems to be a strong co-relation between the number of followers and following.
Following count distribution for tweeter users

A twitter user on average follows 102 people Tweet This →

1 in 10 twitter users don’t follow anyone Tweet This →

Gender Preferences

How many have protected accounts?

11.84% of Twitter users have protected accounts on average. The females definitely want to stay in control of their profiles with 64% of them opting for protected accounts as compared to 36% for males.The user with the highest followers with a protected account is WIDIKIDIW. She is from Jakarta, Indonesia and has a follower base of 515,290.
Protected account distribution in twitter

The average number of followers for protected accounts on twitter is 47 Tweet This →

~12% of Twitter users have a protected account Tweet This →

Background Color Preference

Purple is the new Pink for females!

Eminence, or in simple term Purple is the most sought after by females. The calculations exclude the default twitter profile colors.
Color preference of female twitter users

For female Twitter users, Purple triumphs over pink! Tweet This

Males prefer darker themes

Darkish theme dominates the male profile, with steel grey winning the majority. The color most popular with female is the least with men.
Color preference of male twitter users


Gender Inequality within Developing Countries

The gender distribution is fairly even within developed countries as compared to developing countries like India, Brazil etc., with the exception of France.
Gender distribution by countries

84.2% of twitter users have specified location in their twitter profiles Tweet This

10.3% of twitter users have geo-location enabled Tweet This


More Females belong to Younger Age Group

Female twitter users outnumber males till the age of 25. But after age 35, female users start dwindling relative to males.
Gender distribution by age group of twitter users


Yes! Women tweet more

Not only are there 6% more female users on Twitter but they also happen to be more active as well. Females send out more tweets on average compared to their male counterparts.
average number of tweets by gender

26% of twitter users have favorited tweet(s) Tweet This

Categorization of Twitter Users


Entertainment related keywords most used in Twitter Bio

The cloud below shows the most popular categories. Keywords specified in the bio that are closely associated are clubbed to form a category for example music, video, dance etc. will be clubbed to form entertainment category.
Category tag cloud


Most females reference family in their Twitter profiles

Here we have identified top ten categories in which most of the analyzed twitter profile fall. Female users talk more about family and fashion whereas the Twitter male users prefer technology, sports and entrepreneurship.
Top ten categories by gender


Family category tops between the age-group 26-55

Top ten categories by age group

Smartphone & App Preferences


Apple vs. Google on Twitter

Even though Android has more market share than iOS globally, almost two-third of Smartphone/Tablet users use Apple devices to access twitter. The Apple numbers does not include the Mac OS based devices.
iOS vs Android


Official vs Non-Official Twitter Apps

The market share for third-party apps don’t come as a surprise given the recently policy change in Twitter’s API where they mentioned that they would restrict most third-party apps to 100,000 users.
Official twitter apps vs non-official apps

32% of users still tweet from their web browsers Tweet This



LOVE is the most frequently used word in a twitter user bio

Here is a tag cloud of most frequently used words in a Twitter user’s bio after filtering for stop words
Bio tag cloud of twitter users

70% of twitter users don’t have their bio specified Tweet This


28,121,801,616 tweets sent by 27 million active users in this study Tweet This


A Twitter user on average has sent out 794 tweets over the last 3 years Tweet This

More followers ~ More tweets

Average tweet vs followers


Influence analysis of Twitter users

Our influence scoring algorithm takes into account stats like percentile rank based on number of followers, following, retweet counts, category etc. while coming up with an influence score for each Twitter user.
Influence score of twitter users

More than 50% of twitter users have an influence score of ❤ on a scale of 1 to 10 Tweet This

Unconventional Verified Users

SevenFootWave 3/4/2009 4 6
DaBackWudz 7/13/2009 20 8
HerbalArgentina 4/10/2009 24 1
TwitPolls 1/8/2008 32 0
JOHNKLEMMERSAX 4/8/2009 36 220
ShoreClub 2/19/2009 37 1
yahoomaps 4/3/2009 40 0
celebstyle 10/19/2008 42 1
mustangnews 6/4/2008 42 0

Our Take

Social media has seen explosive growth, and Twitter is no exception. There is much to learn about these millions of active users. With diligence and hard work, our team was able to put this data on the drawing board and come with statistics that we believe would be of great interest to marketers, researchers, businesses and even for that matter social media enthusiasts. We sincerely hope that you found this report insightful and invigorating. Watch out for our reports section as we will be coming out with more similar studies soon.


An organization that originated in 2008, Beevolve is committed to providing the best and most cost-effective social media monitoring and measurement platform for marketers. The inspiration behind the name ‘Beevolve’ comes from the symbiotic relationship that bees have with flowering plants and how they have evolved together over thousands of years. Similarly, at Beevolve, we strive to build intelligent software products that learn from human interactions and improves themselves.

TOP 10 Best Countries in Facebook Customer Service

From SocialBakers.com:

Which countries have the most Socially Devoted brands? Learn about the nations with the best social attitude towards their customers and Fans on Facebook!

Which countries have the most Socially Devoted brands?

Usually tweet @elearningguru

Internet in 60 Seconds

Folks from Go-gulf.com and Mobclix.com has prepared these interesting infographics.

Check them out and read the right area for statistics in words:


Elearningguru 60 seconds in internet

  •  Search engine Google serves more that 694,445 queries
  • 6,600+ pictures are uploaded on Flickr
  • 600 videos are uploaded on YouTube videos, amounting to 25+ hours of content
  • 695,000 status updates, 79,364 wall posts and 510,040 comments are published on Social Networking site Facebook
  • 70 New domains are registered
  • 168,000,000+ emails are sent
  • 320 new accounts and 98,000 tweets are generated on Social Networking site Twitter
  • iPhone applications are downloaded more than13,000 times
  • 20,000 new posts are published on Micro-blogging platform tumbler
  • Popular web browser FireFox is downloaded more than 1700 times
  • Popular blogging platform WordPress is downloaded more than 50 times
  • WordPress Plugins aredownloaded more than 125 times
  • 100 accounts are created on professional networking site LinkedIn
  • 40 new Questions are asked on YahooAnswers.com
  • 100+ questions are asked on Answers.com
  • 1 new article is published on Associated Content, the world’s largest source of community-created content
  • 1 new definition is added on UrbanDictionary.com
  • 1,200+ new ads are created on Craigslist
  • 370,000+ minutes of voice calls done by Skype users
  • 13,000+ hours of music streaming is done by personalized Internet radio provider Pandora
  • 1,600+ reads are made on Scribd, the largest social reading publishing company


Elearningguru internet in 60 seconds

  • 710 computers are sold worldwide and 555 of these computers are sold with Intel processors
  • 1,820 TB of data is created; that’s enough data to fill up 2.6 million CDs
  • 232 computers around the world get infected by malware
  • 450 Windows 7 Cds are sold worldwide
  • 925 iPhone 4s and 85 iPads are sold worldwide
  • 11 Xbox 360 consoles are sold worldwide
  • 18 Amazon’s Kindle Fire are sold worldwide
  • 38 tons E-waste is generated worldwide
  • 4,000 USB devices are sold worldwide
  • 2,500 ink cartridges are sold worldwide
  • 2,100 checkins happen on location-based social networking website foursquare
  • $75,000 is added to Google’s revenue
  • 2 Million Internet users watch Porn Online
  • 1.1 million conversations take place via instant messengers
  • 103 Blackberries are sold worldwide
  • 1,100 acres of land farmed in Farmville application
  • PayPal processes transactions worth $219,000; out of these, $10,000 is transacted via PayPal mobile
  • Around 950 purchases are done on eBay, out of which 180 purchases are done using eBay Mobile
  • 12 websites get hacked and 416 attempts are made to compromise various Facebook accounts
  • 1,400 movie discs are rented from the online movie rental service Redbox


Elearningguru Mobile in 60 seconds

  • 4,111 Ads tapped
  • 400,710 Ad requests–of those, 140,248 are rich media ad requests
  • 23,148 Apps downloaded in the App Store
  • $2,340 Ad dollars spent in the U.S.
  • 180 million coins collected on Tiny Zoo Friends
  • 250,000 pieces of fruit sliced on Fruit Ninja
  • 208,333 minutes of Angry Birds played

Happy New Year To You All!

Mustafa Yucelgen -@Elearningguru


Post Navigation